Postal bills in the current session of Congress: Is anything going anywhere?

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There are currently about 250 bills in Congress that involve the Postal Service.  About 185 of them involve designating a post office to memorialize someone, such as a fallen soldier or local hero.  Several bills address specific postal issues, like voting by mail, postal banking, mailing alcohol, emergency suspensions of post offices, and requiring post offices to display the official portrait of the president and vice-president.  A few of the bills are comprehensive postal reform bills.

At this point, there seems to be a general consensus among business interests, labor, and postal management about what needs to be done — fix the Retiree Health Benefit Fund pre-funding problem, Medicare integration, and a modest rate increase on market-dominant products.  Not that everyone agrees on everything, of course.  Postal workers are concerned about the Medicare changes, some business mailers don’t want the rate increase, and so on.  But a consensus does seem to have developed.

As with so many other issues, the main problem is not with the stakeholders but with Congress.  For the past ten years, Congress has been unable to act on postal reform.  Now that goal looks further away than ever.

Today President Trump introduced a wide-ranging proposal to reorganize the federal government that includes privatizing the Postal Service.  The proposal calls for delivering the mail fewer days per week, replacing home delivery with centralized cluster boxes, and giving management more control over pricing and negotiations with labor.  The proposal indicates that the Task Force “will make recommendations on reforms towards this goal in August 2018.”

With a radical proposal like that looming over Congress, it’s almost impossible to imagine any reasonable reform legislation happening anytime soon.  Trump and the Task Force are pushing the discourse so far to the right that compromise will become impossible.  Most likely, about the only postal bills that will get passed during the current session will involve naming a post office in someone’s honor.


For a list of proposed legislation from 2011-2016, visit this page.  For an analysis of the main comprehensive bills in 2016, see this previous post.  For other articles on this website about postal legislation, here’s the archive.  For some background on the history of postal reform legislation and highlights of where things stand, see this helpful summary prepared by the postal worker unions as part of their submissions to the Task Force.

Below is a list of most of the current bills listed on Congress.gov.  The names of the bills link to the full entry on congress.gov, where you can find the complete text of the bill, amendments, co-sponsors, etc. The list does not include amendments to or provisions in appropriations bills that involve the Postal Service.  For a more complete list, search for “postal” on Congress.gov.  


Postal Legislation Introduced in Congress 2017-2018


GENERAL BILLS

H.R.756 – Postal Service Reform Act of 2017
Sponsor:Rep. Chaffetz, Jason [R-UT-3] (Introduced 01/31/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform; Energy and Commerce; Ways and Means
Latest Action:House – 03/20/2018 ASSUMING FIRST SPONSORSHIP – Mr. Garrett asked unanimous consent that he may hereafter be considered as the first sponsor of H.R. 756, a bill originally introduced by former Representative Chaffetz, for purposes of adding cosponsors and requesting reprintings pursuant to clause 7 of rule XII. Agreed to without objection.  (All Actions)

(Note: There’s more on H.R. 756 here.  Also, the postal unions’ summary of postal legislation says that H.R. 756, like H.R. 760, has major elements of the business-labor consensus approach developed in 2016, which also had the support of the Postal Service.  The bill focuses on Medicare integration (private sector best practice) and the rate increase compromise.  “It appears the legislation is stalled because of opposition to any new Medicare spending, even if it is for U.S. citizens (retired postal employees) who have paid their Medicare taxes for decades. Although the CBO gave H.R. 756 a positive score, the leader of the House Ways & Means Committee appears to object to the modest increase in Medicare spending resulting from H.R. 756 ($10.6 billion over 10 years, less than one-tenth of one percent in total program spending). It is not clear the committee would support the bill even if the Medicare Trust Funds could be compensated for the increased spending (with so-called Medicare offsets).”

TITLE I–POSTAL SERVICE BENEFITS REFORM

This bill requires the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to establish a Postal Service Health Benefits Program within the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program to offer health benefits plans for U.S. Postal Service (USPS) employees, annuitant retirees, and their families at rates that reflect the cost of benefits provided solely to the USPS risk pool. Medicare-eligible postal retirees and family members are automatically enrolled in part A (Hospital Insurance) and part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance Benefits for Aged and Disabled) of title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act. Each plan must provide Medicare part D (Voluntary Prescription Drug Benefit Program) prescription drug benefits through an employer group waiver plan.

Postal retirees not previously enrolled in Medicare will be transitioned automatically into Medicare part B.

The USPS’s annual prefunding payments to the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund must be recomputed each year based on economic and actuarial methods to liquidate 100% of the USPS’s actuarial liability by September 30, 2055. The bill modifies the prefunding schedule established under the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act.

The OPM must use postal-specific demographic and economic assumptions in its valuations of the USPS’s Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) pension accounts. Under CSRS and FERS, any projected USPS funding surpluses shall be returned to the USPS through amortized annual installments.

TITLE II–POSTAL SERVICE OPERATIONS REFORM

This title reduces from nine to five the number of governors serving on the USPS Board of Governors with the Postmaster General and the Deputy Postmaster General. The USPS’s power shall be vested in the governors and carried out by the Postmaster General consistent with the strategic direction and pricing and product strategy approved by the governors. The Postmaster General may delegate authority, but the bill removes the board’s authority to delegate authority to the Postmaster General.

The USPS must transfer funds to the Department of State to coordinate and negotiate international postal rates and delivery services.

The USPS must provide mail delivery other than door delivery (with a preference for centralized delivery) for new delivery points unless a new delivery point is built or established within a block of existing primarily door delivery points. It must also begin converting to centralized delivery, curbside delivery, or sidewalk delivery for existing: (1) business delivery points, and (2) residential delivery points with postal patrons’ consent.

This title: (1) revises the Postal Regulatory Commission’s (PRC’s) standards for establishing or revising rates or classifications for first-class mail, standard mail, or other market-dominant products; (2) repeals a rate preference that currently allows certain political committees to send third-class mail at the nonprofit organization rate; and (3) increases by 1 cent the postage rate for first-class stamps by reinstating 50% of the exigent rate surcharge for first-class mail and other market-dominant products that was in effect on April 9, 2016.

The USPS may establish a program to provide property and services on behalf of state, local, or tribal governments for noncommercial products and services, and a program to provide property and services to other executive agencies and the Government Publishing Office, but only if such property and services provide a reasonable contribution to the institutional costs of the USPS.

In determining whether to close or consolidate a post office, the USPS must: (1) consider the availability of broadband Internet service and commercial mobile service in a geographic area, and (2) conduct a nonbinding survey to allow postal patrons to indicate their preferences among alternative postal service options.

The USPS is prohibited from offering postage-evidencing products or services that do not comply with regulations applicable to private companies.

The PRC must complete the initial review of the system for regulating rates and classes for market-dominant products such that a final rule for a revised or reapproved system is issued by May 1, 2018.

TITLE III–POSTAL SERVICE PERSONNEL

A Chief Innovation Officer is established to: (1) maximize USPS revenues, (2) utilize emerging information technologies, and (3) update an innovation strategy for postal and nonpostal products and services.

The President must appoint an Inspector General of the Postal Community to consolidate the currently separate USPS and PRC inspectors general.

The right to appeal adverse personnel actions to the Merit Systems Protection Board is extended to USPS or inspector general employees who are not represented by a bargaining representative.

TITLE IV–POSTAL CONTRACTING REFORM

The USPS and the PRC must: (1) issue policies on contracting officer delegations of authority for postal contracts, (2) publish noncompetitive contract awards that exceed specified dollar amounts, (3) require contracting officers and decision-makers to disclose personal and business relationships that would cause questions regarding their impartiality, and (4) establish procedures for the ethics counsel to review conflict of interest disclosures to determine whether a contracting officer’s participation would violate ethical conduct standards.

The USPS or the PRC may void postal contracts if: (1) there is a criminal conviction (from which no further appeal may be taken) for bribery or a conflict of interest relating to the contract, or (2) the contractor fails to make required disclosures.

 


H.R.760 – Postal Service Financial Improvement Act of 2017
Sponsor:Rep. Lynch, Stephen F. [D-MA-8] (Introduced 01/31/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 03/16/2017 Ordered to be Reported (Amended) by Voice Vote.  (All Actions)

This bill requires the Department of the Treasury to: (1) invest a specified percentage of the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund, using one or more qualified professional asset managers, in index funds modeled after those established for Thrift Savings Fund investments; and (2) ensure that the investment replicates the performance of the longest-term target date asset allocation investment fund established by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board.

The bill establishes the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund Investment Committee, which Treasury shall consult regarding such investments.

The “specified percentage” to be invested is defined as 25% of the currently available portions of the fund as are not immediately required for payments from the fund, except that the committee may specify a higher percentage, not to exceed 30%, not earlier than five years after this bill’s enactment and as appropriate thereafter.

Treasury shall annually engage an independent qualified public accountant to audit the financial statements of such investments and shall submit an annual management report that includes:

  • statements of financial position, operations, and cash flows;
  • a statement on internal accounting and administrative control systems;
  • the report resulting from the audit; and
  • any other comments and information necessary to inform Congress about the operations and financial condition of the investments.

 


H.R.6076 – Postal Reform Act of 2018
Sponsor:Rep. Meadows, Mark [R-NC-11] (Introduced 06/12/2018)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform; Energy and Commerce; Ways and Means
Latest Action:House – 06/12/2018 Referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committees on Energy and Commerce, and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.  (All Actions)

A summary is in progress. The full text is here.  (This bill is essentially a replacement for the Postal Reform Act of 2017 – H.R. 756).

 


S.2629 – Postal Service Reform Act of 2018
ponsor:Sen. Carper, Thomas R. [D-DE] (Introduced 03/22/2018)
Latest Action:Senate – 04/09/2018 Read the second time. Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 366.  (All Actions)

A summary is in progress, but a press release is here. The full text is here.  According to the NALC review of legislation, S.2629 “largely follows the contours of H.R. 756,” but also offers a proposed Medicare offset.  “At this time Chairman Johnson does not appear willing to support S. 2629.”

 


SERVICE & DELIVERY STANDARDS

H.Res.15– Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to ensure the continuation of its 6-day mail delivery service.
Sponsor:Rep. Graves, Sam [R-MO-6] (Introduced 01/03/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 01/03/2017 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

Urges the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to take all appropriate measures to ensure the continuation of its six-day mail delivery service.

 


H.Res.31– Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to restore service standards in effect as of July 1, 2012.
Sponsor:Rep. McKinley, David B. [R-WV-1] (Introduced 01/06/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 01/06/2017 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

Expresses the sense of the House of Representatives that the U.S. Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to restore mail delivery service standards in effect as of July 1, 2012.

 


H.Res.28– Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to ensure the continuation of door delivery for all business and residential customers.
Sponsor:Rep. Davis, Susan A. [D-CA-53] (Introduced 01/05/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 01/05/2017 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

Expresses the sense of the House of Representatives that the U.S. Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to ensure the continuation of door delivery for all businesses and residential customers.


S.1204 – Post Office Discontinuance Accountability Act of 2017
Sponsor:Sen. McCaskill, Claire [D-MO] (Introduced 05/23/2017)
Committees:Senate – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Latest Action:Senate – 06/13/2018 Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. Ordered to be reported with an amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.  (All Actions)

This bill establishes procedures under which the United States Postal Service (USPS) may carry out emergency suspensions of post offices because of a natural disaster, damage to or destruction of a post office, or a lack of qualified personnel to operate it or adequate measures to safeguard it.

A District Manager implementing an emergency suspension must: (1) provide immediate notice to the Headquarters Review Coordinator or the Field Performance office, local officials of the USPS, and customers; (2) establish alternate service as quickly as possible; (3) temporarily reassign each employee of the post office; and (4) form a suspension review team, which shall review the suspension and recommend that the suspension continue or that the post office reopen.

If the team recommends that the suspension continue, the District Manager shall either initiate discontinuance procedures for the post office or publish a plan to restore service within 180 days. If restoration is delayed, the District Manager must publish notice and either host a public forum in the affected community or initiate discontinuance procedures.

The District Manager shall immediately notify the affected community when a post office is reopened or service is restored.

The bill authorizes the USPS to establish an alternative process to suspend postal services to a community based on the expiration of a lease or rental agreement for a post office. The District Manager shall take specified steps to: (1) negotiate an extension of an expiring agreement, the sale of the post office to the USPS, or a new agreement for postal service; (2) provide for the disruption of service if the negotiations fail and for the restoration of service; or (3) initiate discontinuance procedures.

 


POSTAL BANKING

H.R.3617 – POSTAL Act of 2017: Providing Opportunities for Savings, Transactions, and Lending Act of 2017 or the POSTAL Act of 2017
Sponsor:Rep. Richmond, Cedric L. [D-LA-2] (Introduced 07/28/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 07/28/2017 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

This bill expands the specific powers of the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to include the provision of basic financial services, including: (1) small-dollar loans; (2) checking accounts, interest-bearing savings accounts, and services relating to international money transfers, each of which may be provided by the USPS alone or in partnership with depository institutions and credit unions; (3) other basic financial services as appropriate in the public interest; and (4) the creation of a Postal Card that allows users to engage in such financial services.


S.2755 – Postal Banking Act
Sponsor:Sen. Gillibrand, Kirsten E. [D-NY] (Introduced 04/25/2018)
Committees:Senate – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Latest Action:Senate – 04/25/2018 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.  (All Actions)

A summary is in progress. The full text is here

 

H.R.5816 – Postal Banking Act
Sponsor:Rep. Clarke, Yvette D. [D-NY-9] (Introduced 05/15/2018)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform; Financial Services
Latest Action:House – 05/15/2018 Referred to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and in addition to the Committee on Financial Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.  (All Actions)

A summary is in progress. The full text is here.

 


VOTING BY MAIL

H.R.946 – Universal Right to Vote by Mail Act of 2017
Sponsor:Rep. Davis, Susan A. [D-CA-53] (Introduced 02/07/2017)
Committees:House – House Administration
Latest Action:House – 02/07/2017 Referred to the House Committee on House Administration.  (All Actions)

This bill amends the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to prohibit a state from imposing additional conditions or requirements on the eligibility of an individual to cast a vote in federal elections by mail, except to the extent that it imposes a deadline for requesting the ballot and returning it to the appropriate state or local election official.


H.R.2669 – Vote By Mail Act of 2017
onsor:Rep. Blumenauer, Earl [D-OR-3] (Introduced 05/25/2017)
Committees:House – House Administration; Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 05/25/2017 Referred to the Committee on House Administration, and in addition to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.  (All Actions)

This bill amends the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to require states to allow voting in federal elections to be by mail without additional conditions or requirements, except a deadline for returning the ballot.

States must mail ballots to individuals registered to vote in a federal election not later than two weeks before the election. The U.S. Postal Service must carry ballots mailed by a state expeditiously and free of postage.

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 is amended to authorize automatic voter registration of individuals through state motor vehicle authorities


S.1231 – Vote By Mail Act of 2017
onsor:Sen. Wyden, Ron [D-OR] (Introduced 05/25/2017)
Committees:Senate – Rules and Administration
Latest Action:Senate – 05/25/2017 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Rules and Administration.  (All Actions)

This bill amends the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to require states to allow voting in federal elections to be by mail without additional conditions or requirements, except a deadline for returning the ballot.

States must mail ballots to individuals registered to vote in a federal election not later than two weeks before the election. The U.S. Postal Service must carry ballots mailed by a state expeditiously and free of postage.

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 is amended to authorize automatic voter registration of individuals through state motor vehicle authorities

 


OTHER BILLS

H.Res.166– Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States postal facility network is an asset of significant value and the United States Postal Service should take appropriate measures to maintain, modernize and fully utilize the existing post office network for economic growth.
Sponsor:Rep. Amodei, Mark E. [R-NV-2] (Introduced 03/02/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 03/02/2017 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

Expresses the sense of the House of Representatives that the U.S. Postal Service should take all appropriate measures to modernize and maintain a post office network.


H.R.4024 – United States Postal Service Shipping Equity Act
Sponsor:Rep. Speier, Jackie [D-CA-14] (Introduced 10/11/2017)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform; Judiciary
Latest Action:House – 10/19/2017 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations.  (All Actions)

This bill authorizes the mailing of alcoholic beverages by a covered entity in accordance with the delivery requirements otherwise applicable to a privately carried shipment. “Covered entity” is defined as an entity (including a winery, brewery, or beverage distilled spirits plant, or other wholesale, distributer, or retailer of alcoholic beverages) that has registered with, obtained a permit from, or obtained approval of an application from the Department of the Treasury pursuant to the Federal Alcohol Administration Act or the Internal Revenue Code provisions regarding alcohol, tobacco, and certain other excise taxes.

The bill directs the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to prescribe regulations: (1) requiring such mailing to be through a means that ensures direct delivery to a duly authorized agent at a postal facility or to the addressee, who must be at least 21 years of age and present a valid, government-issued photo identification at the time of delivery; (2) prohibiting such alcoholic beverages from being for resale or any other commercial purpose; and (3) requiring such covered entity to certify that the mailing is not in violation of applicable laws or regulations and to provide other information as directed by the USPS, including with respect to the prepayment of state alcohol beverage taxes.


H.R.603 – Ensuring the Safety of Our Mail Act of 2017
Sponsor:Rep. Calvert, Ken [R-CA-42] (Introduced 01/23/2017)
Committees:House – Judiciary
Latest Action:House – 02/08/2017 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations.  (All Actions)

This bill amends the federal criminal code to increase from 5 to 10 years the maximum prison term for a defendant who commits mail theft

 


S.372 – STOP Act of 2017: Synthetics Trafficking and Overdose Prevention Act of 2017 
Sponsor:Sen. Portman, Rob [R-OH] (Introduced 02/14/2017)
Committees:Senate – Finance
Latest Action:Senate – 02/14/2017 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance.  (All Actions)
H.R.1057 – STOP Act of 2017: Synthetics Trafficking and Overdose Prevention Act of 2017 
Sponsor:Rep. Tiberi, Patrick J. [R-OH-12] (Introduced 02/14/2017)
Committees:House – Ways and Means; Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 02/05/2018 ASSUMING FIRST SPONSORSHIP – Mr. Faso asked unanimous consent that he may hereafter be considered as the first sponsor of H.R. 1057, a bill originally introduced by Representative Tiberi, for the purpose of adding cosponsors and requesting reprintings pursuant to clause 7 of rule XII. Agreed to without objection.  (All Actions)

This bill amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to make the Postmaster General the consignee (i.e., the entity financially responsible for the receipt of a shipment) for merchandise, excluding documents, imported through the mail into the United States. The Postmaster General must designate licensed customs brokers to file required documents or information for such shipments.

The bill amends the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 to impose a customs user fee on postal shipments or any other item valued at $2,000 or less arriving at an international mail facility.

The bill amends the Trade Act of 2002 to direct the Department of the Treasury to require the Postmaster General to provide for the advanced electronic transmission to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection of certain information for all postal shipments made by the U.S. Postal Service (USPS), including postal shipments it receives from foreign postaloperators.

The Postmaster General:

  • shall be liable for civil penalties for postal shipment violations committed by a foreign postal operator or the USPS;
  • may be directly or indirectly responsible for discrepancies resulting from omissions made or false information provided by a foreign postal operator or the USPS; and
  • shall ensure that all costs and penalties associated with complying with this bill are recouped from foreign shippers, foreign postal operators, or U.S. ultimate consignees.

 


S.1208 – Strengthening the Department of Homeland Security Secure Mail Initiative Act
Sponsor:Sen. Menendez, Robert [D-NJ] (Introduced 05/23/2017)
Committees:Senate – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Committee Reports:S. Rept. 115-171
Latest Action:House – 12/22/2017 Held at the desk.  (All Actions)
H.R.2595 – Strengthening the Department of Homeland Security Secure Mail Initiative Act
Sponsor:Rep. Speier, Jackie [D-CA-14] (Introduced 05/23/2017)
Committees:House – Judiciary; Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 12/12/2017 Ordered to be Reported by Voice Vote.  (All Actions)

(Sec. 3) This bill directs the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to provide for an option under which a person to whom a document is sent under the Secure Mail Initiative may elect to have the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) use the Hold for Pickup service or the Signature Confirmation service in delivering the document.

DHS shall require payment of a fee for such services, which shall be deposited into the Immigration Exainations Fee Account and used to cover DHS and USPS costs of providing such services. The USPS: (1) may promulgate regulations that minimize such costs and do not require it to incur additional expenses that are not recoverable, and (2) shall notify DHS of any changes to such services.

If DHS determines that substantially similar services offered by a private carrier would provide better service and value than the USPS services, it may discontinue use of the USPS services and enter into a contract with the private carrier.

(Sec. 4) DHS must report to Congress within two years of this bill’s enactment describing the implementation of requirements under this bill, the fee imposed, and the number of times during the previous year that a person used a service under this bill.


H.R.5524 – To amend title 39, United States Code, to require the United States Postal Service to establish rates for delivery of inbound international mail that do not discriminate between foreign and domestic mailers, to review foreign practices with respect to the exchange of e-commerce goods with the United States, and for other purposes.
Sponsor:Rep. Marchant, Kenny [R-TX-24] (Introduced 04/16/2018)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform; Ways and Means; Foreign Affairs
Latest Action:House – 04/20/2018 Referred to the Subcommittee on Trade.  (All Actions)

A summary is in progress. The full text is here.


H.R.5705 – Postal Operations To be Unbiased and Sensible (POTUS) Act of 2018
Sponsor:Rep. Donovan, Daniel M., Jr. [R-NY-11] (Introduced 05/08/2018)
Committees:House – Oversight and Government Reform
Latest Action:House – 05/08/2018 Referred to the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  (All Actions)

The Postmaster General of the United States shall issue such rules or regulations as are necessary to require each post office of the United States Postal Service to display the official portrait of the incumbent President and Vice President in accordance with the following:

(1) The official portraits of the President and Vice President shall be displayed side-by-side with the President on the left of the Vice President.

(2) Such portraits shall be equal in size and displayed at the same height.

(b) Official Portrait Defined.–In this section, the term “official portrait” means a photograph released by the White House and produced by the Government Publishing Office for purposes of display in Federal facilities.

(Photo: House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, from CSpan video of a May 24, 2018 meeting)