This Service Performance Dashboard provides easy access to recent performance reports shared by the Postal Service with the Postal Regulatory Commission, Congress, the courts (as part of litigation involving mail delays), and FOIA requests. NB: This is not an official USPS website. See below for an explanation of service standards and service performance.

The USPS Office of Inspector General initiated its own service performance page in June 2021. It is an excellent source of performance data, available here.

The Postal Service created a service performance dashboard in May 2023 as part of the Postal Reform Act of 2022. It’s also an excellent source of data, available here. The USPS also has a page with performance results, here.

There’s an archive of previous charts here.

Recent Reports

The most recent service performance reports for Q FY2024 are here.

The following charts were presented at the Board of Governors’ meeting on Feb. 8, 2024.

The following charts were presented at the Board of Governors’ meeting on Nov. 14, 2023.

Q1 FY24 Reports

The following tables show the on-time performance scores and average delivery times for single-piece First Class mail during the first quarter of FY 2024 (Oct. 1 – Dec. 31, 2024) and for the same quarter in FY 2023.

The tables merge data in the performance reports for Q1 FY2024 shared with the PRC in February 2024, which can be found on the PRC website here; the reports for Q1 FY2023 are here. For easy access, all the reports are on Google Docs here. The table can be sorted by columns; to revert to the original order, refresh your browser.

There’s a discussion of the data in this post: “The mail slows down, again” (Feb. 15, 2024).

Single-Piece First-Class Mail Average Delivery Times Q1 FY23 - FY24

DistrictFY23 2-DayFY23 3-DayFY23 4-DayFY23 5-dayFY24 2-DayFY24 3-DayFY24 4-DayFY24 5-dayChange 2-dayChange 3-dayChange 4-dayChange 5-day
Atlantic Area22.
New Jersey22.
New York
New York
New York
North Carolina22.
Central Area22.
Southern Area22.
Florida 1233.74.323.
Puerto Rico1.8N/A3.94.32N/A3.94.59.1%00.0%3.8%
South Carolina233.
Texas 22.1344.
Texas 322.83.84.623.
Westpac Area1.
California 41.92.333.
California 522.53.53.922.63.84.8-0.6%2.1%7.3%22.5%

Single-Piece First-Class Mail Percent On-Time Q1 FY23 - FY24

2-Day FY23 3-5-Day FY23 2-Day FY243-5-Day FY242-Day Change3-5 Day Change
Atlantic Area89.983.485.770.1-4.66%-15.99%
New Jersey91.383.589.473.5-2.05%-11.99%
New York
New York 290.885.386.875-4.44%-12.07%
New York 391.884.593.275.61.54%-10.53%
North Carolina92.382.886.368.1-6.47%-17.76%
Pennsylvania 191.48691.977.30.59%-10.13%
Central Area88.680.286.569.5-2.42%-13.30%
Illinois 186.683.482.373.2-4.92%-12.28%
Illinois 287.377.185.264.5-2.37%-16.37%
Michigan 190.683.285.474.3-5.75%-10.68%
Michigan 292.683.791.375.3-1.39%-10.03%
Ohio 187.881.482.270.6-6.35%-13.25%
Ohio 284.979.786.271.61.50%-10.21%
Southern Area90.380.488.468.9-2.13%-14.28%
Florida 190.879.391.8681.08%-14.25%
Florida 291.583.592.475.60.96%-09.49%
Florida 388.379.387.672.6-0.75%-8.44%
Puerto Rico91.377.790.579.1-0.90%1.84%
South Carolina91.579.287.265.1-4.73%-17.80%
Texas 191.286.587.878.2-3.74%-09.62%
Texas 289.1748666.5-3.44%-10.16%
Texas 392.682.791.471-1.31%-14.19%
Westpac Area91.783.89174.2-0.78%-11.45%
California 195.488.594.474.4-1.05%-15.89%
California 294.187.992.275-1.98%-14.68%
California 39590.594.681.4-0.44%-10.04%
California 495.392.994.783.8-0.62%-09.75%
California 59188.991.280.40.18%-09.54%
California 694.989.693.979.5-1.05%-11.27%

Previous Reports

The following table was submitted by the USPS to the PRC as part of the 2022 annual compliance report. It shows on-time performance for Market-Dominant mail classes for Q2 FY 2023. View on Google Docs here. Download from the PRC website here (May 10, 2023).

The following table shows the percent of mail delivered on time during the first quarter (Oct-Dec) of FY 2023, for the nation, disaggregated by month, for each First-Class Mail product (all service standards and combined). View on Google Docs. Source: Postal Regulatory Commission, ACR 2023, February 9, 2023.

The following table was submitted by the USPS to the Postal Regulatory Commission as part of its annual compliance review. It shows average delivery times: Tabs FY21 and FY22 show the national averages disaggregated by class and service standard; the tab 2004-2022 shows the historical averages for single-piece First Class, workshare (presort) First Class, and periodicals going back to 2004. (The shaded columns have been added.) View on Google Docs. Source: Postal Regulatory Commission, ACR 2022, February 6, 2023.


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The following charts are based on the service performance data recently provided by the USPS, with specific sources as noted. You can use the links above each chart to download the data used to make the chart and a jpg version of the chart itself. If the charts aren’t showing, please refresh your browser.

First Class Mail (Composite), 2020 – 2022

Source: The scores since May 2021 were submitted as an exhibit in Pennsylvania v Louis DeJoy. Earlier scores were submitted in Vote Forward v. DeJoy. The scores for 4/9/21 to 5/7/21 are unavailable, so those numbers are estimated.

First Class Mail (Composite), May 2021 – May 2022

Source: The scores since May 2021 were submitted as an exhibit in Pennsylvania v Louis DeJoy. Note that service standards were downgraded on Oct. 1, 2021, so scores after that are not exactly comparable to those before.

Service Performance for Q1 FY2022

The service performance reports published last week provide district-by-district data for each of the categories of First Class mail — single-piece and presort, with delivery standards of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 days. Note that before the changes in standards, the categories were 1, 2 and 3-5 days (with 99 percent of 3-5 day mail being 3-day), so the reports have a composite figure to make comparisons with the past possible. Here’s a summary of the scores on the national level. (The single-piece report is here; the presort is here.)

ON 2-day 3-day 4-day 5-day 3-5 day
Single-Piece First Class
Q1 FY2022 N/A 90.3 74.9 80.2 90.7 78.5
FY 2022 Original Target N/A 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0
FY 2022 Revised Target N/A 90.3 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.00
Q1 FY2021 (SPLY) N/A 81.5 N/A N/A N/A 54.6
FY 2021 Annual N/A 86.4 N/A N/A N/A 63.2
FY 2020 Annual N/A 91.5 N/A N/A N/A 78.8
FY 2019 Annual N/A 92.0 N/A N/A N/A 80.9
Presort First Class
Q1 FY2022 94.7 92.1 86.9 91.6 96.4 90.0
FY 2022 Original Target 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0
FY 2022 Revised Target 94.75 93.0 90.5 90.5 90.5 90.50
Q1 FY2021 (SPLY) 91.3 84.7 N/A N/A N/A 78.0
FY 2021 Annual 93.4 88.3 N/A N/A N/A 80.9
FY 2020 Annual 94.7 92.8 N/A N/A N/A 89.9
FY 2019 Annual 95.5 94.1 N/A N/A N/A 92.0
Service Performance for First Class Mail, Q1 FY2022, by District

The following table summarizes the data in the service performance reports for Q1 FY2022. These reports can be found on the PRC website here; for easier access, they’re posted on Google Docs here. The on-time scores and average days for delivery are volume-weighted composites of all categories of First Class mail — presort and single piece, with service standards of one-to-five days. Note that these numbers are my calculations based on the USPS data; they do not appear in any USPS reporting.

The columns can be sorted by clicking on the arrows in the headers. To return to the original format, with districts categorized by area, refresh your browser. To find the USPS district for a particular zip code, a list can be found here. A map of the districts can be found here. Service standards maps are on Postal Pro and on the Washington Post.

DistrictAreaService Perf Q1 FY2020Service Perf Q1 FY2022Service Perf Percent ChangeAverage Days to Delivery Q1 FY 2020Average Days to Delivery Q1 FY 2022Average Days to Delivery Percent Change
CAPITAL METROAREA90.27%84.13%-6.80%2.663.1418.27%
AtlantaCapital Metro91.10%80.79%-11.32%2.693.1216.18%
BaltimoreCapital Metro89.14%82.39%-7.57%2.533.0620.82%
CapitalCapital Metro87.57%79.99%-8.66%2.673.2421.22%
Greater South CarolinaCapital Metro92.62%84.01%-9.30%2.513.0521.13%
GreensboroCapital Metro90.95%88.30%-2.91%2.622.9612.81%
Mid-CarolinasCapital Metro89.70%88.44%-1.41%2.783.3319.74%
Northern VirginiaCapital Metro89.27%85.48%-4.25%
RichmondCapital Metro89.40%80.42%-10.04%2.663.1618.68%
EASTERN AREAAREA92.07%87.87%-4.56%2.532.9416.25%
Central PennsylvaniaEastern92.00%85.55%-7.01%2.542.8110.91%
Northern OhioEastern92.39%89.49%-3.14%2.492.8915.84%
Ohio ValleyEastern90.66%88.46%-2.43%2.612.9211.99%
Philadelphia MetroEastern91.47%87.09%-4.79%2.563.1924.72%
South JerseyEastern92.09%86.97%-5.56%2.492.9116.73%
Western New YorkEastern93.69%90.80%-3.09%2.472.8213.98%
Western PennsylvaniaEastern93.58%89.66%-4.20%2.523.0219.87%
GREAT LAKES AREAAREA90.52%87.47%-3.37%2.63.0115.63%
Central IllinoisGreat Lakes90.22%87.50%-3.01%2.713.0211.20%
ChicagoGreat Lakes86.93%80.88%-6.96%2.653.0816.19%
DetroitGreat Lakes89.30%88.97%-0.37%2.673.2220.80%
GatewayGreat Lakes91.25%84.51%-7.38%2.573.0518.51%
Greater IndianaGreat Lakes91.73%90.01%-1.87%2.592.9614.62%
Greater MichiganGreat Lakes91.53%89.88%-1.81%2.442.8416.09%
LakelandGreat Lakes90.54%86.82%-4.11%2.552.9214.35%
NORTHEAST AREAAREA90.60%88.47%-2.35%2.49320.72%
Connecticut ValleyNortheast91.59%89.84%-1.91%2.452.9319.38%
Greater BostonNortheast90.13%85.79%-4.82%2.472.917.46%
Long IslandNortheast90.98%88.22%-3.03%2.53318.48%
New YorkNortheast86.88%85.89%-1.15%2.63.0617.86%
Northern New EnglandNortheast90.50%87.94%-2.82%2.53.0220.42%
Northern New JerseyNortheast91.50%90.14%-1.49%2.583.2727.10%
PACTIFIC AREAAREA92.18%94.93%2.99%2.643.3526.59%
Los AngelesPacific92.03%94.56%2.75%2.723.2619.87%
San DiegoPacific92.16%94.87%2.95%2.633.3126.10%
San FranciscoPacific91.52%94.25%2.98%2.63.1721.64%
Santa AnaPacific93.16%95.65%2.67%2.593.3428.92%
Sierra CoastalPacific92.02%95.42%3.70%2.623.2524.23%
SOUTHERN AREAAREA89.13%89.39%0.30%2.693.2119.18%
Fort WorthSouthern90.13%91.43%1.44%2.633.1218.79%
Gulf AtlanticSouthern91.10%85.25%-6.42%2.73.2821.69%
Rio GrandeSouthern90.66%90.75%0.09%2.683.2521.29%
South FloridaSouthern90.62%87.96%-2.94%2.753.527.33%
WESTERN AREAAREA91.13%90.99%-0.16%2.673.2521.42%
Central PlainsWestern93.38%93.53%0.16%2.853.3818.64%
Salt Lake CityWestern92.01%92.09%0.09%2.783.525.80%
First Class Mail (Composite), May – Dec. 2020 vs. 2021

Source: Weekly scores have been submitted as exhibits in Pennsylvania v Louis DeJoy and Vote Forward v. DeJoy.

Percent of Volumes by Service Standard and 1-digit zip zones

This chart shows the percent of volumes for each service standard as they occur in each of the ten 1-digit zip zones, based on service standards (not actual performance data). The chart combines originating and destinating volumes for each SCF (each piece is counted twice). The regions with a prefix of 1 to 4 would have about 20 percent of their volumes shifted to 4 or 5 days, while zones 5, 7, 8 and 9 would have over 40 percent of their volumes downgraded to 4 or 5 days. Overall, Zones 0 to 8 would have about 6.4 percent of their volumes shifted to a 5-day standard. For zone 9, the Pacific region, almost 31 percent of mail volumes would be downgraded to a 5-day standard. (See SH-LR-N2021-1-1, tab “Fig 9 % vol SSD & 1-digit.”)


First Class Mail Volumes by Service Standards

The Postal Service does not provide the PRC with data showing the proportion of First Class mail delivered according to each service standard (overnight, 2-day, and a 3-5 day), but here are a couple of charts that show estimates.  Note that over 99 percent of the 3-5 day mail is actually 3-day, with days 4 and 5 applying to mail sent or received outside the contiguous U.S.

The following table shows the proportion of First Class mail that was subject to each service standard. The chart shows the effects of changes in service standards that took place in 2012 (“interim standards”) and 2015 (“final standards”). These changes eliminated overnight delivery for all but a portion of presort mail and shifted some 2-day mail to 3-day. The numbers for 2015 are for the first quarter of the fiscal year and do not reflect the changes in service standards that took place that year, but they can be seen in the numbers for 2020.

Sources: 2005: N89-1 Advisory Opinion (p. 1); 2011-2015: USPS MTAC presentation (which cites FY2005 & FY2014: 2014 Fact Sheet; FY2011: 9/21/11 Federal Register notice; 2015: MTAC FCM Focus Group meeting); 2020 and proposed, USPS Delivering For America 10-year plan.

The following table was created using the Service Performance Aggregation data and Cost Revenue Analysis data that the USPS shares annually with the PRC. Note that this methodology uses actual measurements of volume, so it produces somewhat different results compared to the previous table. For example, it shows the volume of First Class with an overnight standard falling to 30 percent in 2011, before the “interim” service standards went into effect. In any case, the workbook for this chart is here.

Source: PRC Service Performance Aggregation data and Cost Revenue Analysis data.

Definitions and Descriptions

Service Standards are the stated goal or operational benchmark for how many days it should take to deliver the mail.  The standards are determined by the class of mail, where it originates, where it is going, and other factors, like the way it’s been presorted (or not).  Service Standards were first published in January 2007 in accordance with requirements of the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2006. The standards have since been changed a few times, notably in 2012 and 2015 for First Class mail.  Since January 2015, the Service Standards — as set forth by federal regulations (39 CFR Part 121) — have been as follows:

  • First Class Mail: 1-day, 2-day, and 3-5 days. More specifically:
    • Overnight delivery for presorted mail dropped at a mail processing center (called a Sectional Center Facility, or SCF) by the Critical Entry Time (usually 8 a.m.) for delivery to zip codes within the same SCF area (intra-SCF);
    • 2 days for mail to be delivered to zip codes within the SCF area (intra-SCF) and also for presorted mail deposited by the CET and transported between two processing centers (inter-SCF) within a six-hour drive;
    • 3 days for all other mail within the contiguous U.S.;
    • 4 or 5 days for mail originating or destinating outside the contiguous U.S.
  • Marketing Mail: 3-10 days, depending on distance, type of preparation, the time the mail is dropped off at a processing center, etc.
  • Periodicals: 3-9 days, depending on distance and other factors.

To assist business mailers, the Postal Service publishes maps for each 3-digit zip codes showing the area that qualifies for overnight, 2-day service, 3-day, and so on. These maps can be found here. The Postal Service also shares Excel files showing the service standards for each zip code pair, available on PostalPro.

The Postal Service has proposed changes in these service standards that would slow approximately 40 percent of First Class mail. The changes reduces the use of air transport for 3-day mail and shorten the drive times for inter-SCF 2-day mail from six to three hours. The details can be found here.

Shipping and package services have service standards ranging from two to eight days, and Priority mail products have service standards ranging from one to three days. But these are classified as Competitive products, and the Postal Service does not share service performance data for them, so they are not included in this dashboard.

Service Performance is the percentage of the volume delivered within the service standard for each type of mail. In years past, the Postal Service developed performance scores using a sampling method that involved an outside contractor (IBM), which had people send pieces of mail to and from various locations. In 2015, the Postal Service changed to an internal measurement system that takes advantage of the fact that so much mail is scanned. The new system tracks about two-thirds of the mail — way more than the earlier sampling method — but it does not actually follow a piece of mail from deposit to delivery. Instead, it measures the end-to-end transit time for a “virtual” piece of mail, which includes estimated time for First Mile, actual time for Processing between scans, and estimates for the Last Mile.

Service Performance Targets: Each year the Postal Service sets targets for service performance for the coming year. For First Class mail, the targets are about 95 or 96 percent, and for Marketing Mail and Periodicals, about 92 percent. The Postal Service rarely meets these targets, with First Class averaging about 92 percent and Marketing Mail and Periodicals, about 89 percent. (More details in this PRC report.)

Official sources of performance data